Ecuador is a country straddling the equator on South America’s west coast. Its diverse landscape encompasses Amazon jungle, Andean highlands and the wildlife-rich Galápagos Islands. In the Andean foothills at an elevation of 2,850m, Quito, the capital, is known for its largely intact Spanish colonial center, with decorated 16th- and 17th-century palaces and religious sites, like the ornate Compañía de Jesús Church.
The geography of Ecuador is quite diverse for a country that only covers a total of 283,560 square kilometers - of which 6,720 square kilometers is made up of water. As the name suggest, the country is located on the equator, with its neighboring countries being Columbia to the north and Peru on the south and east border. To the west is the beautiful Pacific Ocean and the country features an ocean territory of 200 nautical miles.
Large cliffs and ridges are found closer to the border of Peru, while the volcanoes are scattered across the country. The most popular and visited volcanoes include the Cotopaxi Volcano, which is an active volcano and is 5 897 meters in height, the Pichincha Volcano at 4,784 meters and the Chimborazo at 6,267 meters. The coastal region of the Ecuadorian geography has extremely fertile plains, basins and breathtaking valleys. Coastal lowlands are relatively flat and run into the rain forests.