Stonehenge is a prehistoric monument in Wiltshire, England, 2 miles (3 km) west of Amesbury and 8 miles (13 km) north of Salisbury. Stonehenge's ring of standing stones are set within earthworks in the middle of the most dense complex of Neolithic and Bronze Age monuments in England, including several hundred burial mounds
Archaeologists believe it was constructed from 3000 BC to 2000 BC. The surrounding circular earth bank and ditch, which constitute the earliest phase of the monument, have been dated to about 3100 BC. Radiocarbon dating suggests that the first bluestones were raised between 2400 and 2200 BC, although they may have been at the site as early as 3000 BC.
Stonehenge has been a legally protected Scheduled Ancient Monument since 1882 when legislation to protect historic monuments was first successfully introduced in Britain. The site and its surroundings were added to UNESCO's list of World Heritage Sites in 1986. Stonehenge is owned by the Crown and managed by English Heritage; the surrounding land is owned by the National Trust.
The truth about Stonehenge
There are over one hundred more sites around Stonehenge, similar to the main structure you can see today. Some have been taken down, while archaeologists have located some of the holes made underground for the monuments. Compared to how many stones and holes there are in the area, they have only found a small amount.
Below is a Picture of monument holes made underground which have been located
The red dots mark monuments currently found around Stonehenge
The people lived in small groups know as tribes, often formed of small families. Each tribe dwelt near a structure similar to Stonehenge, but smaller in size, which mark territories. The wealthiest tribes’ monument was located closest to the actual Stonehenge, with larger distances for the poorer people.
The huts demonstrated are very similar to the huts they used to live in, as are the utensils they used, some of which have been found. There are many other hidden utensils, which were used, buried around the area – even many miles away from the structure itself.
The tribes followed the king’s laws very strictly. If someone committed a crime, they would be brought to the temple and if found guilty, they would behead the person. If that person was the main or only provider for the family, they would bargain with the king in exchange for a younger or older person in the same family or tribe to take their place. If the exchange was agreed upon with the member of the tribe in question, they would sacrifice themselves so they could protect the future of the family.
The king ordered his army to create structures such as Stonehenge. The stones themselves were created by a certain material that was formed with water over many years. Once they had been dug out from the coastline, they could sort the stones according to size, shape and smoothness.
Structures around Stonehenge; Durrington Wall, Woodhenge, West Amesbury Henge and Blick Mead
Stonehenge is a prehistoric monument in Wiltshire, England
Durrington walls a Neolithic village ring with earth work. Woodhenge held rings of timber posts.
West amsbury henge a pathway from Stonehenge, people standing in the evacuated stone holes.
Blick mead an evacuated area by researches a shelter believed to predate Stonehenge.
The main structure you see today is the pinnacle – this is the king’s structure (temple) built specifically for him.
On the main large stone there is a small curved top outlined below; this was a sign to others that this was the throne among all the structures. When the surrounded areas used to become flooded due to the weather, the people would gather in the king’s temple for protection, and for him to dispense law and order.
The Stonehenge site is older than 11,000 BC. There are many objects which are still to be discovered with great value to both the tribes and the king.
The structures were used for communication with each tribe member, principally as watch towers. An allocated member of the tribe would go to the tower to signal – it included such matters as warnings or passing on information.
Long ago the fields surrounding the structures used to become flooded. Before the tribes planted tress to absorb the water, they put large stones across the fields to force the water to pass around them and try to decrease the effect of the water in their territories, which protected their homes. As soon as they detected any sign of danger, they would call out to the next stone tower and pass the massage on until it reached the main structure of Stonehenge.